Nuclear Chemistry 2
The following topics are discussed in detail in the course: Nuclear reactions yield, reaction cross section, excitation function. Fission reaction, spontaneous fission. Chemistry of atoms formed in a nuclear reaction, local temperature, atomic recoil and recoil energy, recoil of atom bound in a molecule, hot atom chemistry, retention, Szilard Chalmers reaction.
- Yield of nuclear reactions, reaction cross section.
- Excitation functions.
- Types of nuclear fission, theory of fission.
- Fission by thermal neutrons.
- Fission products.
- Fission by medium energy particles. High energy fission.
- Spontaneous fission. Chain reaction.
- Hot atom chemistry ? atomic recoil and recoil energy.
- Reactions of hot atoms.
- Processes in (n,g) reactions.
- Processes in other binuclear reactions.
- Processes in nuclear decay.
- Processes in gamma-ray emission, isomeric transfer and internal conversion
- Radionuclide generation in particle flux.
- Reaction energy.
- Threshold energy, endoergic reaction, Coulomb barrier energy .
- Mass and energy balance of nucleus, binding energy.
- Atomic recoil, recoil energy.
- Fission reactions.
This course provides the students with the knowledge of the ways of expressing the yields of nuclear reactions, nuclear fission systematics, and basics of the chemistry of atoms formed in nuclear reactions.
The students will acquire competence to determine the irradiation conditions necessary to achieve required parameters, evaluate the fissibility of nuclear materials under various conditions, determine the development of the composition of the mix of fission products in time, and to determine the fate of an atom bound in a molecule, that underwent a nuclear reaction.
Completed course of all basic chemistry disciplines, basic course of nuclear chemistry.
- G. Choppin, J.-O. Liljenzin, J. Rydberg: Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry, 3rd Edition, Butterworth - Heinemann, 2002, http://jol.liljenzin.se/BOOK.HTM
- A. Vertés, S. Nagy, Z. Klencsár (eds.): Handbook of Nuclear Chemistry, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2003, ISBN: 1-4020-1305-1